Constitutional Constipation (song)

Date: 2008

Region: Africa

Subject: Political/Economic/Social Opinion

Medium: Music

Artist: Lapiro de Mbanga (b. 1957)

Confronting Bodies: Cameroonian government and state courts

Dates of Action: 2008

Location: Douala, Cameroon

Description of Artwork: Mbanga's song Constitutional Constipation criticizes recent government amendments.

The Incident: On April 9, 2008, Mbanga was arrested and accused of inciting rioting workers at a banana plantation in his home town through the song's lyrics.

Results of Incident: Mbanga was convicted and spent three years in prison. He was released in April of 2011.