Difference between revisions of "The Talmud"

From Censorpedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Line 16: Line 16:
 
'''Location:''' Egypt, France, Italy, Spain, Soviet Union.
 
'''Location:''' Egypt, France, Italy, Spain, Soviet Union.
  
'''Description of Artwork:''' ''The Talmud'' and Midrash in Judaism commentaries and interpretive writings second in authority only to the Torah. The term Talmud commonly refers to a compilation consisting of the Mishana (oral laws supplementing spiritual laws), the Gemara; and certain auxillary materials. For most scholars, however, Talmud in the precise sense refers only to the materials customarily called Gemara, the commentary on Mishana.
+
'''Description of Artwork:''' ''The Talmud'' and ''Midrash'' in Judaism, commentaries and interpretive writings second in authority only to the ''Torah''. The term 'Talmud' commonly refers to a compilation consisting of the ''Mishana'' (oral laws supplementing spiritual laws), the ''Gemara''; and certain auxillary materials. For most scholars, however, 'Talmud' in the precise sense refers only to the materials customarily called ''Gemara'', the commentary on ''Mishana''.
  
'''The Incident:''' 1190 Egypt-Cairo : With his "Guide for the Perplexed", Maimonides, the Jewish philosopher, aroused the Christian's resentment. 1244 France-Paris : ''Talmud'' burned on charges of blasphemy and immorality. The book was persecuted in various places for another 100 years. 1244 Italy-Rome : Pope Clement IV appointed a committee of censors who expunged all passages that appeared derogatory of Christianity. (Talmudic references to ancient paganism were widely misrepresented as criticism of the Church.) 1926 Soviet Union : Official directions to libraries stated "The section on religion must obtain solely anti-religious books. Religiously dogmatic books such as the 'Gospel', the 'Koran', the 'Talmud', etc. must be left in the large libraries, but removed from smaller ones².
+
'''The Incident:''' 1190 Egypt-Cairo : With his ''Guide for the Perplexed'', Maimonides, the Jewish philosopher, aroused the Christian's resentment. 1244 France-Paris : ''Talmud'' burned on charges of blasphemy and immorality. The book was persecuted in various places for another 100 years. 1244 Italy-Rome : Pope Clement IV appointed a committee of censors who expunged all passages that appeared derogatory of Christianity. (Talmudic references to ancient paganism were widely misrepresented as criticism of the Church.) 1926 Soviet Union : Official directions to libraries stated "The section on religion must obtain solely anti-religious books. Religiously dogmatic books such as the ''Gospel'', the ''Koran'', the ''Talmud'', etc. must be left in the large libraries, but removed from smaller ones².
  
 
'''Results of Incident:''' 1190 Egypt-Cairo : First official burning of Hebrew books by orders of Dominicans, Franciscans, and others.
 
'''Results of Incident:''' 1190 Egypt-Cairo : First official burning of Hebrew books by orders of Dominicans, Franciscans, and others.
Line 28: Line 28:
  
 
[[Category:1190, 1244, 1490, 1926]]
 
[[Category:1190, 1244, 1490, 1926]]
[[Category:1190]]
+
[[Category:1190s]]
[[Category:1244]]
+
[[Category:1244s]]
[[Category:1490]]
+
[[Category:1490s]]
[[Category:1926]]
 
[[Category:1000 -1499]]
 
 
[[Category:1920s]]
 
[[Category:1920s]]
[[Category:20th century]
+
[[Category:12th century]]
[[Category:1951 - 1975]]
+
[[Category:13th century]]
 +
[[Category:16th century]
 +
[[Category:20th century]]
 
[[Category:Europe]]
 
[[Category:Europe]]
 
[[Category:Russia and Central Asia]]
 
[[Category:Russia and Central Asia]]

Revision as of 17:08, 5 January 2012

Dates: 1090, 1244, 1490, 1926

Region: Europe Russia and Central Asia

Subject: Religious Political/Economic/Social Opinion

Medium: Literature


Talmud.jpg

Artist: Various

Confronting Bodies: Dominicans, Franciscans, Pope Clement IV, the Inquisition, USSR State.

Dates of Action: 1190, 1244, 1490, 1926

Location: Egypt, France, Italy, Spain, Soviet Union.

Description of Artwork: The Talmud and Midrash in Judaism, commentaries and interpretive writings second in authority only to the Torah. The term 'Talmud' commonly refers to a compilation consisting of the Mishana (oral laws supplementing spiritual laws), the Gemara; and certain auxillary materials. For most scholars, however, 'Talmud' in the precise sense refers only to the materials customarily called Gemara, the commentary on Mishana.

The Incident: 1190 Egypt-Cairo : With his Guide for the Perplexed, Maimonides, the Jewish philosopher, aroused the Christian's resentment. 1244 France-Paris : Talmud burned on charges of blasphemy and immorality. The book was persecuted in various places for another 100 years. 1244 Italy-Rome : Pope Clement IV appointed a committee of censors who expunged all passages that appeared derogatory of Christianity. (Talmudic references to ancient paganism were widely misrepresented as criticism of the Church.) 1926 Soviet Union : Official directions to libraries stated "The section on religion must obtain solely anti-religious books. Religiously dogmatic books such as the Gospel, the Koran, the Talmud, etc. must be left in the large libraries, but removed from smaller ones².

Results of Incident: 1190 Egypt-Cairo : First official burning of Hebrew books by orders of Dominicans, Franciscans, and others. 1490 Spain-Salamanca : In an auto-da-fé, thousands of Hebrew books including biblical texts were burned by order of the Inquisition.

1926 Soviet Union : virtually no printing of the work since then.

Source: Banned Books 387 B.C. to 1978 A.D., by Anne Lyon Haight, and Chandler B. Grannis, R.R. Bowker Co, 1978. [[Category:16th century]